Just as human beings speak many different languages, so can computers be programmed in many different languages of their own. Any given modern computer, in fact, can be programmed in hundreds of distinct languages and dialects, each with their own character and features. Generally speaking, though, most of these can be assigned to one of a few common families, with various kinds of resemblance holding throughout each. Much of the Software Development Melbourne companies do today, for instance, can be characterized as “object oriented,” with languages of this basic kind having a long history of their own.
Early in the history of Software Development in general, it became clear that the most obvious ways of doing things were not always sufficient. Many of the earliest computer programming languages were of types now known as “procedural” or “imperative,” with the outlines of the dialects basically reflecting the underlying logic of the machines they were meant to control. While the nearness of languages of these kinds to the logical structures of computers themselves tended to encourage efficiency, it also sometimes meant that too little abstraction was sometimes available to programmers. Tied to languages that reflected so closely the intricate details of these ever-advancing machines, programmers oftentimes found it difficult to manage larger software development projects.
One answer to that dilemma was a new style of programming that emerged nearly forty years ago now. First seen in earnest in a now-defunct language known as Simula, object-oriented programming is a paradigm that has been developing steadily since. Instead of trying to enable the direct control of the underling logical machinery, object-oriented programming seeks to provide tools that more naturally model the problems that programmers are actually called upon to solve. By coupling pieces of data with the behaviors most appropriate to them in the form of the eponymous “objects,” programming of this kind has developed into a mainstay of the industry.